Some Disturbing Trends from 2011 Census Report



Against the all- India average GR of 17.64 % and Assam’s GR of 16.93 %, it would be interesting to examine the District-wise GR in Assam, which would give a fair idea of the increased population in a number of Districts, which have become Muslim- majority due to both immigration as well as higher pro-creation, on account of the wide-spread practice of polygamy

By J P Rajkhowa

The Provisional Population of India as per the 2011 Census Report was 1,210,193,422 (121.01 Crore) as on 1st March, 2011, of which the Male Population was 623,724,248 (62.37 Crore) and Female Population was 586,469,174 (58.65 Crore), which indicate a Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 males) of 940. Assam’s total population increased to 31,169,272 (3.12 Crore), on the same day, representing 2.58 percent of the country’s population, with Males comprising 15,954,927 (1.60 Crore) and Females 15,214,345 (1.52 Crore), with a Sex Ratio of 954, which is an improvement over the all- India position. The Decadal Population Growth (2001-2011) for India was 181,455,986 (18.15 Crore) persons representing 17.64 % Growth Rate (GR), with an annual GR of 1.76 %. The Decadal Population Growth for Assam, during the same period, was 4,513,744 (45.14 Lakh) representing 16.93 % GR, with an annual average GR of 1.69 %, which is lower than the all- India GR by 0.07 % and prima- facie appeared satisfying to the ruling and other political classes / organizations, which always hold a view that, infiltration / illegal migration into the State from across the international borders with Bangladesh, was coming down in recent times. 

The Census Report also indicates that, the Density of Population (Per Sq. Km.) for India was 382, against which Assam’s figure was 397, higher than the National Average by 15 persons. As for Population in the Age Group 0-6, the figure for India was 158,789,287 (15.9 Crore) representing 13.12 % of the country’s population, which is also much higher than the Population of many countries of the Globe. Against this, the figure for Assam was 4,511,307 (45.11Lakh), which means that, Assam had so many children in the 0-6 Age Group, which represents 14.47 % of the State’s population and higher than the national figure. That means, there was a baby boom in Assam, with a higher GR in Age Group 0-6, and lower GR in the Age Groups above 6, as compared to the national position.

On the Literacy front, Assam’s Literacy Rate of 73.18 % was lower than the all- India Literacy Rate of 74.04 %. The all- India Literacy Rate for Males was 82.14 % against which, it was 78.81 % for Assam, which fell short of the national average by 3.33 %. Assam however, did better in the Literacy Rate for Females at 67.27 %, as compared to 65.46 % for all- India.

Against the all- India average GR of 17.64 % and Assam’s GR of 16.93 %, it would be interesting to examine the District-wise GR in Assam, which would give a fair idea of the increased population in a number of Districts, which have become Muslim- majority due to both immigration as well as higher pro-creation, on account of the wide-spread practice of polygamy. The Districts with GR higher than both, State as well as National average are listed below, with GR shown against each- (1)Dhubri -24.40; (2)Morigaon -23.39; (3) Goalpara -22.74; (4) Nagaon -22.09; (5)Hailakandi -21.44; (6)Karimganj -20.74; (7)Barpeta -21.40; (8)Dhemaji -20.30; (9)Cachar -20.17; (10)Bongaigaon- 19.58; (11)Darrang-19.51; (12)Kamrup (M)-18.95; (13)Karbi Anglong-18.69; (14)Lalkhimpur-17.06.  The higher GR of Lakhimpur and Dhemaji are most likely due to the influx of immigrant Muslims from Arunachal Pradesh, who were thrown out by the State Authorities and Students’ Bodies; the higher GR in Karbi Anglong could be due to similar influx from Nagaland and neighbouring Nagaon district. The position would be crystal clear, when the District-wise figures of Population by Religious Groups are published by the Government of India. 

The Districts showing Population Growth below the National as well as State GR are listed below, with the percentage GR shown against each- (1)Kokrajhar- 5.9; (2) Sivasagar-9.37; (3) Jorhat-9.21; (4) Sonitpur-15.67; (5) Tinsukia-14.51; (6) Dibrugarh-12.04; (7) Golaghat-11.88; (8) Dima Hasao- 13.53; (9) Chirang-11.26; (10) Kamrup-15.67; (11) Nalbari- 11.74; (12) Baska- 11.17; (13) Udalguri- 9.76. It would be seen that, the GR is lowest in the BTAD Districts, which could be due to lower birth rate of the indigenous population, effective check on illegal settlers / immigration. Lower Population GR in all the Upper Assam Districts are attributable to lower birth rate as well as lower level of immigration of illegal migrants, as in the past decadal periods. Incidentally, the three Barak Valley Districts and the Lower Assam District of Dhubri  have both land as well as riverine borders with Bangladesh, and Dhubri is just adjacent to Goalpara. Dhubri and Chirang Districts also have common borders with the State of West Bengal, which also is affected by illegal migration from Bangladesh. Within Assam, Kokrajhar and Bongaigaon have common borders with Dhubri, and Goalpara has borders with Dhubri, Bongaigaon, Barpeta and Kamrup, which make it easy for illegal migrants to change locations once they infiltrate into the districts bordering Bangladesh.

Density of population is another indicator of the increasing or decreasing population in an area. Against the density per Sq.Km. of 397 persons for Assam, the Districts having higher Density are as hereunder, with the population Density shown against each: Dhubri-1171, Goalpara-553, Barpeta- 632, Morigaon- 618, Nagaon- 711, Lakhimpur-457, Sivasagar-431, Cachar-459, Karimganj- 673, Hailakandi- 497, Bongaigaon- 425, Kamrup- 436, Kamrup (M)-2010, Nalbari- 763, Baksa- 475, Darrang-491 & Udalguri- 497. It would be noticed, that in all the Muslim-majority districts with huge immigrant population, the Density is much above the State Average and also the National average of 382 per Sq. Km. In the BTAD districts also increasing population pressure is noticed, with Density higher than both the Averages. Higher Density in Lakhimpur could be due to the same reason, as indicated earlier. Higher Density in Kamrup (M) seems to be due to internal migration from within the State, the rest of the NER, illegal migrants from other Districts and also outside the NER from rest of the country, due to Guwahati being the commercial, educational, constructional and industrial hub of the entire Region. At the same time, increase in the number of slums due to immigration of suspected Bangladeshis, cannot be ruled out. Higher GR in Kamrup and Nalbari could be due to proximity from Guwahati, with the suburban areas developing faster than interior areas, as per the normal pattern, and also higher birth rate of immigrant Muslims settled there.

It is also noticed that, out of the six highly populated Districts, ranking those by Population Size in 2001 and 2011, four are again Muslim-majority, with ranks in bracket- Nagaon (I), Dhubri (II), Cachar (IV) and Barpeta (V). The two others are- Sonitpur (III) and Kamrup (VI), with both facing tremendous pressure on lands from immigrant / suspected Bangladeshi Muslims.  The classic case of  the most successful ‘Silent Muslim Invasion’ is that of Barpeta District (earlier Barpeta Sub-division), where, in 1911, the Muslim population was only 1 % of the total population, but it increased to 59.36 % in 2001- an increase by 5900 times in 90 years or annual growth rate of 65.55 %, making the Muslims absolute majority. Even the so-called Secularists would have no cogent explanation to offer for such a fantastic Growth Rate, other than large-scale influx of immigrant Muslims into the district, in a planned manner.

The indigenous Assamese Muslims- the progeny of those who came to Assam in early 13th Century about 1205-06 now constitute only 6.5 % of the total population of Assam and 18 % of the Muslim population. Thus 24.42 % Muslims of Assam owe their origin to East Bengal / East Pakistan / Bangladesh. During 1971-2001 (30 years), the Hindu population of Assam decreased alarmingly from 72.51 % in 1971 to 64.9 % in 2001, whereas the Muslim population during the same period increased from 24.56 % to 30.92 %. During 1991-2001, the Hindu Growth Rate was 1.49 % as against Muslim Growth Rate of 2.93 %. If these figures have not sounded ‘high alarm bells’ for the governments at the Centre and the States, then what will- a direct armed attack by the illegal migrants against genuine Indian citizens? Mind it, the Hindus do not follow polygamy; the Assamese Muslims, the Christians, the Sikhs, the Buddhists, the Jains, the Animists and others too do not do that. Should they now start the evil and derogatory practice of polygamy and play the ‘number game’? What would the Secularists say about the most successful ‘Silent Muslim Invasion’ of Barpeta District, which could be the only example of its kind in World History?  Should we allow ‘History’ to ‘Repeat Itself’?

Courtesy: The Sentinel 26 August 2012,



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